Taman Proklamator or Independence Declarator Park is located at Jalan Proklamasi No. 56, Pegangsaan, Menteng, Jakarta Pusat/Central Jakarta. The park’s location is next to Independence Pioneer Building. This park is one of the most important and historic locations in Jakarta. This place is the residential location of Indonesia’s first president, Sukarno. At this location, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesia’s independence on August 17, 1945 at 10:00 AM. The declaration of independence is the milestone for early statehood of the Republic of Indonesia. In the park, you will find the Independence Declarator Monument, also known as the Lightning Monument or Proclamation Monument, and the One-Year Memorial of the Republic of Indonesia Monument. Independence Declarator Park is managed by the Department of Culture and Tourism of Jakarta.
The Independence Declarator Monument was built to commemorate the role of Soekarno and Hatta as the individuals who proclaimed the independence of the Republic of Indonesia. Historical events that occurred on August 17, 1945 at 10:00 AM was located on Jalan Pegangsaan Timur No. 56 (now Jalan Proklamasi No 56). Independence Declarator Monument was made based on the initiative from President Soeharto. Manufacturing of the Independence Declarator Monument was conducted in November 1979-1980 by several sculptors including: Ir. Budiono Soeratno, I Sardono Sugiyo, Y. Sumartono, Drs. Nyoman, and G. Sidarta Sugiyo. Then on August 16, 1980 this monument was inaugurated by President Suharto. Independence Declarator Monument consists of 17 pillars just behind the statue depicting Indonesia’s independence that was proclaimed on August 17. In addition there are the sculpture of Ir.Sukarno when he was reading the proclamation script, just opposite of the statue of Drs. Mohammad Hatta. Right in the middle is the of the text of the Indonesian Independence Declaration.
The manuscript of the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence was read for the first time by President Soekarno on August 17, 1945 at Sukarno’s residence on Jalan Pegangsaan Timur No. 56 (now Jalan Proklamasi No. 56). This historic house, which was used to be called “House Proclamation”, is no longer there since 1960. At this location, President Soekarno on January 1, 1961 cleared the land for the the construction of a monument, the “Monument Lightning”, which was then called the Proclamation Monument. This statement was then encrypted: “Disinilah Dibatjakan Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia pada Tanggal 17 Agustus 1945 djam 10.00 pagi oleh Bung Karno dan Bung Hatta” (Here Narrated the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence on August 17, 1945 at 10:00 AM by Bung Karno and Bung Hatta).
Among the buildings located in the Independence Declarator Park is the One-Year Memorial of the Republic of Indonesia Monument that has a direct relation with the revolution because it was inaugurated on August 17, 1946, when the Allied forces was in power in Jakarta. Above it, the inscription carved in marble material is the statement, “Atas Oesaha Wanita Jakarta” or “With Efforts of Women in Jakarta”.
In the period after the fall of Soeharto’s rule, this park is often served as a point of departure for organizing peaceful mass rally demonstrations.
How to get here (see the route map)
From Tanah Abang: Go to Platform 3/5 and take the Yellow Line heading to Manggarai/Depok/Bogor and change your route in Manggarai. Go to Platform 3/5 and take the Red Line or Blue Line heading to Jakarta Kota and stop at Cikini Station. Take a 10-minute walk to the southeastern direction.
From Sudirman go to platform 2 and take the Yellow Line heading to Manggarai/Depok/Bogor and change your route in Manggarai, go to platform 3/5 and take the Red Line or Blue Line heading to Jakarta Kota and stop at Cikini Station. Walk for 10 minutes to the southeast.
For a map illustration, click here, or see the map below.